Lina Galtieri, with the Lab’s Physics Division, was there alongside Luis Alvarez when several new particles were discovered during bubble chamber experiments. She and other members of the Alvarez group accompanied him to Stockholm for the Nobel ceremony in 1968. In addition to finding particles, she has also contributed to their demise, debunking the “split A2” experiment conducted at CERN. Galtieri was among those who contributed to the discovery of the top quark in 1994, as part of the Collider Detector at Fermilab group. An avid traveler, she has trekked Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, the Inca Trail in Peru, and the Baltoro Glacier in Pakistan, among other exotic locales.
Chien-Shiung Wu was a pioneering physicist whose research helped other men win Nobel prizes, while her own work was never recognized by the Nobel committee. She served as E.O. Lawrence’s assistant in the late 1930s. Though her work in nuclear fission was becoming well known, she could not get a faculty appointment, likely because she was Asian and a woman. Wu passed away in 1997. More>